The Great Hanshin Earthquake - Geography bibliographies - in Harvard style . Even at lower magnitudes, they can be very destructive because they often occur near populated areas and because their hypocenters are located less than 20 km below the surface. 5 Steps to Fully Enjoy the Autumn Season in Japan’s Awaji Island Dec 15, 2017. Dec. 30, 2020. About 22% of the offices in Kobe's central business district were rendered unusable, and over half of the houses in that area were deemed unfit for occupancy. The earthquake hit regions that were responsible for 6%–7% of the country's total production. Abstract. We don’t actually see it as a season to adore flowers. This quake was the biggest quake in my life. Post-Earthquake Fires and Performance of Firefighting Activity in the Early Stage in the 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake AI SEKIZAWA National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster Ministry of Home Affairs 3-14-1, Nakahara, Mitaka, Tokyo 181, Japan ABSTRACT Anumber of simultaneous post-earthquake fires occurred in the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake. Measuring 6.8 on the moment … The earthquake had a local magnitude of 7.2. Severe earthquakes result in the massive destruction of life and property and change the face of Earth in the literal sense…, Potassium, usually found dissolved in seawater or plant cells, is extremely important for the normal functioning of the human body. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. [14] Disruptions of water, electricity and gas supplies were common. Worst hit was the port of Kobe, a city of 1.5 million. The Great Hanshin Earthquake was short and catastrophic. More than half of the fatalities were among those over 60 years old, and in this age group female fatalities were almost double those of men. The Kobe, or Great Hanshin, earthquake struck in the pre-dawn hours of January 17, 1995, with a magnitude of 7.3 near the city of Kobe, about 350 … 2010 Chile earthquake, Chile. This earthquake is also called by the following names: Kobe, South Hyogo, Hyogo-ken Nanbu. Up to 6,434 people lost their lives; about 4,600 of them were from Kobe. Retailers such as Daiei and 7-Eleven used their existing supply networks to provide necessities in affected areas, while NTT and Motorola provided free telephone service for victims. Because Kobe had long been regarded as an area of Japan least susceptible to earthquakes, the residents were taken completely by surprise. At about five-thirty in the morning on January 17, 1995, I woke up in the dark for some reason and got out of bed. Its maximum intensity is 7, which is measured according to how destructive the quake is. Artificial islands, such as the modern Rokkō Island and especially Port Island in Kobe, suffered severe subsidence due to liquefaction. The majority of deaths (over 4,000) occurred in cities and suburbs in Hyōgo Prefecture. Earthquake Kobe Japan 1995 . Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. [9] Observations of deformations in these faults suggest that the area was subjected to east–west compression, which is consistent with previously known crustal movements. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Earthquakes of this type occur along active faults. Fifty years have passed since household earthquake insurance came on the market and 1994 and 2011, i.e., the years of the Great Hanshin Earthquake and the Great East Japan Earthquake, have been the only years when the annual loss ratio exceeded 25%. On 17 January 1995, a big earthquake, registering magnitude 7.2 on the Richter scale hit the western part of Japan, claiming 6,048 lives, injuring at least 34 900 people, and destroying properties and infrastructures, causing an estimated damage of between 95 to 140 billion U.S. dollars. The focus of the earthquake was located 17 km beneath its epicenter, on the northern end of Awaji Island, 20 km away from the center of the city of Kobe. During the 20 seconds that it lasted, the ground had moved up to 50 centimetres horizontally and 1 metre In such earthquakes, the hypocenter is located less than 20 km below the surface and therefore, they can be highly destructive even at low magnitude. 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